Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education
Great Lakes Maritime Transportation Education
Harbor Navigation Game
Students will try to safely navigate a ship through a channel (maze) of red and green paper, representing the red and green buoys, safely to port.† Blue paper will represent water.† Students will learn what certain buoys represent and why it is important to know!
The United States Coast Guard implements the Uniform State Waterways Marking System (USWMS) which prescribes regulatory markers and aids to navigation to mark navigable state waters. The USWMS may also mark the non-navigable internal waters of a state. The United States Aids to Navigation System (USATONS) prescribes regulatory markers and aids to navigation that mark navigable waters of the United States. Navigable waters include territorial seas and internal waters that have been, or can be used for, interstate commerce, either by themselves or in connection with other waterways.
Red (right buoy), green (left buoy) and blue (water) paper
Pictures of actual red and green buoys
The paper must be arranged so that the student can find at least one channel to safely get from the lake or ocean at one end of the paper, to the port at the other end of the paper.† To make the game more challenging, set up sequences of red-green-red, or green-red-green so the student has to think carefully as to which channel to use.
Review with students the meaning of the buoy system for navigation.† Ask them what the colors represent, and whether they think it would be hard to navigate a real ship?† Explain to them we only used 2 buoys, and that there are many more buoys with different meanings to learn if you were a real captain!
Boat Safe†††††††† http://www.boatsafe.com/nauticalknowhow/buoychanges.htm
Chart of distress signals http://www.boatsafe.com/nauticalknowhow/distress.htm
Aids to Navigation††††††† http://www.boatsafe.com/nauticalknowhow/aidstn.htm