Provided by

Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education

Great Lakes Maritime Transportation Education

http://wupcenter.mtu.edu/education/great_lakes_maritime/

 

What Does the Captain of a Ship Need?

(Tools & Clothing for the Captain to Do His/Her Job Aboard Ship)

 

Overview: For this activity, students will pick between the items that are needed by a Captain and alternate items that are not necessary.  Through this activity they will understand why the needed items are important to the Captain.

 

Set-up: Line up the items needed across from the alternate items (wrong items) down a line parallel to each other.  Mix up the line by having some alternate items on one side and some items needed on the other side.  Write #1-16 on post-it notes and place beside each item.

 

Materials Needed: post-it notes, items listed in table below. Per participant: handout of table of items, pencil

 

Procedure

  1. Have students form teams of 2.
  2. Explain to students that they will be playing a game in which they will try to choose the correct items for the captain.  Tell them “You are the Captain of a Great Lake Ship and you will be traveling from Duluth to Detroit.  What should you bring?”  The items they are choosing between will be across from each other.
  3. Have each team walk slowly from one end of the line to the next and circle the item (within each choice of two items) that they think the captain would need. Team members should discuss quietly if they are not sure.
  4. Once every team has gone down the line, go through and ask the students which answer is correct for each pair of items.
  5. Discuss the correct answers using the explanations provided below as to why the captain needs each item.

 

For older students, you may choose to display all items on a table in view of all participants. Tell the students (in teams of two) they may select only 15 items to take with them on the ship. Have all of the items labeled with a number 1-30. Once every team has made their selections, discuss correct answers using the explanations provided below as to why the captain needs each item.

 

 


Name _________________________________________                            Handout for Students

 

What Does the Captain of a Ship Need?

(Tools & Clothing for the Captain to Do His/Her Job Aboard Ship)

 

Column #1

Column #2

1.     Leather gloves

Knit gloves

2.     Sandals

Steel-toed boots

3.     T-shirt

Dress shirt & tie

4.     Uniform

Jacket

5.     Protractor

Divider

6.     Directional compass

Hole puncher

7.     Dress slacks

Coveralls

8.     GPS unit

Stopwatch

9.     Telephone

Radar antennae

10. Cowboy hat 

Hard hat

11. Safety glasses

Magnifier

12. Raincoat & rain pants

London Fog raincoat

13. Baseball cap

Wool knit cap (“watch cap”)

14. Pencil

Paintbrush

15. Calculator

Stapler

16. Road map

Navigational chart

 

 

 


CORRECT ANSWERS

 

What Does the Captain of a Ship Need?

(Tools & Clothing for the Captain to Do His/Her Job Aboard Ship)

 

Item needed by a Captain

of a Great Lakes Ship

Alternate Items

1.    Leather gloves

Knit gloves

2.    Steel-toed boots

Sandals

3.    T-shirt

Dress shirt & tie

4.    Jacket (Carhart is popular)

Uniform sport coat

5.    Divider

Protractor

6.    Directional compass

Hole puncher

7.    Coveralls

Dress slacks (navy/state police uniform)

8.    GPS unit

Stopwatch

9.    Radar antennae

Telephone

10. Hard hat

Cowboy hat

11. Safety glasses

Magnifier

12. Raincoat & rain pants

London Fog raincoat

13.Wool knit cap (“watch cap”)

Baseball cap

14. Pencil

Paintbrush

15. Calculator

Stapler

16. Navigational chart

Road map

 

Explanations

1. Leather gloves – protect the hands better when working, and allows use of fingers, rather than knit mittens.

2. Steel-toed boots – required when on a ship’s deck. Protects toes from injury better than sandals or tennis shoes.

3. T-shirt – officers and deckhands can dress casually aboard ship. There is not a required uniform, or dress shirt, slacks, coat, or tie.

4. Carhart jacket – popular amongst sailors and construction workers, due to its warmth and rugged construction.

5. Dividers - used to measure the distance between two points. Looks like a protractor, but uses two points, rather than one point and one pencil. (See picture at: http://www.starpath.com/catalog/accessories/tools.htm)

6. Compass - a compass is a magnetic device using a needle to indicate the direction of the magnetic north.

The compass is the navigator's most important piece of equipment. The compass steers a ship on an accurate course and indicates the ship’s direction. This device greatly improved maritime trade by making travel safer and more efficient. An early form of compass appeared in China in the 11th century and the familiar mariner's compass was invented in Europe around 1300.

7. Coveralls – officers and deckhands dress more like construction workers, rather than office workers or military.

8. GPS – used to determine location, longitude and latitude, using satellites. Essential for navigation.

9. Radar (antennae) - uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed of both moving and fixed objects such as aircraft, ships, motor vehicles, weather formations and terrain. A transmitter emits radio waves, which are reflected by the target and detected by a receiver. Although the radio signal returned is usually very weak, radio signals can easily be amplified, so radar can detect objects at ranges where other emissions, such as sound or visible light, would be too weak to detect. Radar is used in many contexts, including identifying underwater obstructions, weather patterns, etc.

10. Hardhat - required when on a ship’s deck, just like in a construction zone, to protect the head from injury.

11. Safety glasses – required in engine room to protect eyes.

12. Rain coat & rain pants – a full suit of waterproof protection is a must when working for hours on deck during a rainstorm.

13. Wool hat (called a “watch cap”) – keeps sailors’ warm. 90% of heat is lost through the head, so if you’re feeling cold, put on a hat and stop your loss of heat.

14. Pencilits important to be able to make changes, rather than using a pen.

15. Calculator – frequently used to calculate distance and rate of travel.

16. Navigational chart – name of map that shows navigational routes and hazards, not a road map which show highways and other roads, or topographic map which shows elevations above sea level.