Name(s) _________________________________________________________________________

Location _______________________________________ Date ____________________________

 

Wetland Plants

 

Can you find FIVE different types of plants that live in or next to a wetland?

List the plants that you find below. Looks them up in the book and try to name them.

 

Common Name

Type of Plant

(tree, shrub, grass, forb)

Describe or draw the plant below---color, leaf shape,

1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Wet Is the Soil??

 

Depth to saturated soil: __________________ cm

 

Depth to free water in pit: ________________ cm

 


 

 

Wetland Water Chemistry

 

Temperature ____________ C Ph ___________ pH

Dissolved Oxygen ____________ ppm Turbidity ___________ NTUs

 

 

What Do Your Test Results Mean?

 

 

Temperature Temperature determines the rate of chemical and metabolic reactions in fish and other organisms. Warm water speeds up reactions, therefore, warm water usually contains more fish that grow bigger and faster. However, warm water holds less oxygen, so some organisms might die if the water gets too warm.

 

pH Fish, frogs, and most other aquatic life can tolerate a pH of 5 to 8.5 (neutral pH = 7.0;

pH < 7.0 is acidic and pH > 7.0 is alkaline or basic.) The pH of rain is naturally 5.5 Causes of increased acidity of water include: acid rain and industrial wastes.

 

Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Oxygen is essential for aquatic organisms. Lack of oxygen in the water can cause many stream insects and fish to die. Dead plants and animals or human wastes in the water require oxygen to break down and decompose. Too much of these wastes may use up all of the oxygen dissolved in the water. Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations should not be less than 4.0 ppm for warm water fish and not less than 5.0 ppm for cold water fish. Cold water can hold more DO than warm water.

 

 

Turbidity Turbidity, or cloudiness in the water, is caused by soil particles eroding into the water, or lots of microscopic plankton due to to much nutrients in the water. Soil erosion can bury fish eggs and other larval insects living on the bottom of the pond, damage gills, block sunlight, and interfere with the ability of fish to find food. Drinking water < 0.5 NTU; groundwater < 1.0 NTU.

 


Name ______________ Date __________ Location __________

 

What Lives In the Water ???

 

Describe

Draw

Number Found

What I think it is